A Global Overview of Virtual Asset Service Providers

The digital age has prompted the emergence of a diverse array of industries, with one of the most prolific being the financial technology (FinTech) sector. A notable component of this sector is the Virtual Asset Service Providers (VASP), which has seen rapid growth and widespread distribution.

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An analysis of over 1,600 entities that provided terms and conditions on their respective websites revealed a global presence spanning 103 countries. The top ten countries with the most entities account for 55.78% of all countries. The following table demonstrates the percentages associated with each of these countries:

RankCountryPercentage of Total
1United States of America9.94%
2United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland9.89%
6British Virgin Islands3.98%
7Hong Kong3.65%
the top 10 countries that VASPs refer to in the terms and conditions on their websites.

Grouping these countries into their respective regions reveals Europe as the leading region with the highest representation of 42.76%. North America and Asia follow, with 12.52% and 21.31% respectively. Other regions such as Oceania and offshore centers account for 3.06% and 13.38% respectively, while Central & South America and Africa are the least represented with 4.71% and 2.26%.

Here’s the representation of regions in a tabular format:

RankRegionPercentage of Total
3North America12.52%
4Offshore Centers13.38%
6Central & South America4.71%
Regional Distribution of Virtual Asset Service Providers (VASPs) Referring to Specific Regions in Their Terms and Conditions

This significant presence of VASPs in Europe becomes particularly important in light of the recent developments in the European regulatory landscape. The Markets in Crypto-assets (MiCA) regulatory framework proposed by the European Commission is set to establish clear rules for crypto-assets and related service providers, ensuring consumer protection, market integrity and financial stability.

More broadly, the data underscores the vitality of the European VASP environment. The region leads globally, with Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) making a particularly strong showing, contributing to 40.7% of Europe’s total VASP representation.


RankCountryPercentage of Total
1United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland9.89%

Under MiCA, crypto-asset service providers are required to be authorized by the competent authorities of the Member States. The regulation covers a broad range of activities and services, such as the custody of crypto-assets, operation of trading platforms, and exchange services between crypto-assets and fiat currencies. The regulation applies to both public offers of crypto-assets and crypto-asset service providers operating within the European Union.

Given that Europe holds the highest share of VASPs with terms and conditions referring to European countries, the MiCA regulation will undoubtedly have a major impact on these entities. The introduction of MiCA promises a unified regulatory approach, reducing market fragmentation and improving legal certainty within the continent.

Moreover, as MiCA is set to become a gold standard for crypto regulation, it could serve as an influential model for other regions with a significant VASP presence. The adoption of similar regulatory frameworks worldwide would foster increased trust, protection, and stability in the global crypto market, supporting its sustainable growth.

In conclusion, the global landscape of Virtual Asset Service Providers is highly diverse, with a significant concentration in Europe. The advent of regulatory frameworks like MiCA presents a crucial step in recognizing and formalizing the sector’s role in the financial ecosystem. This development not only stimulates further growth and innovation within the industry but also serves as a guiding light for regulatory efforts in other regions across the globe.